Schema JSON representation#

This is a reference of how bytes, such as the contract state and parameters can be represented as JSON together with a SchemaType.

See also

See Smart contract schemas for more information on this topic.

JSON for schema type#

enum Type {
    Unit,
    Bool,
    U8,
    U16,
    U32,
    U64,
    U128,
    I8,
    I16,
    I32,
    I64,
    I128,
    Amount,
    AccountAddress,
    ContractAddress,
    Timestamp,
    Duration,
    Pair(Type, Type),
    List(SizeLength, Type),
    Set(SizeLength, Type),
    Map(SizeLength, Type>, Type),
    Array(u32, Type),
    Struct(Fields),
    Enum(List (String, Fields)),
    String(SizeLength),
    ContractName(SizeLength),
    ReceiveName(SizeLength),
}

Unit#

No bytes are produced no matter the value given here.

U8, U16, U32, U64, I8, I16, I32, I64#

Give a JSON number within the size of the schema type.

U128, I128#

Supplied as a JSON string. The value must be within the bounds of the type. Example:

"123456789"

Amount#

Supplied as a JSON string in micro CCD. Example of 42 CCD:

"42000000"

AccountAddress#

Supplied as a JSON string. Example:

"2wkBET2rRgE8pahuaczxKbmv7ciehqsne57F9gtzf1PVdr2VP3"

ContractAddress#

Supplied as a JSON object with index field and optionally subindex field, both JSON numbers. Example:

{ "index": 10, "subindex": 10 }

Timestamp#

Supplied as a JSON string using the RFC3339 format with the precision of milliseconds. Example:

"2020-12-11T11:38:37Z"

Duration#

Supplied as a JSON string as a list of time measures separated by whitespace. A measure is a number followed by the unit and no whitespace between is allowed. Every measure is accumulated into the total duration. The string is allowed to contain any number of measures with the same unit in no particular order.

The supported units are:
  • ms for milliseconds

  • s for seconds

  • m for minutes

  • h for hours

  • d for days

Example of 10 days, 2 hours and 42 seconds:

"10d 1h 42s 1h"

Pair#

Supplied as a JSON array with two items, depending on the nested types. Example of Pair(U8, ContractAddress):

[200, { "index": 0, "subindex": 0}]

List#

Supplied as a JSON array with items, depending on the nested type. Example of List(U16):

[0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34]

Set#

Supplied as a JSON array with unique items, depending on the nested type. Example of List(U16):

[2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29]

Map#

Supplied as a JSON array with key-value pairs, depending on the type of the key and the type of value. Example of Map(AccountAddress, U64):

[
  ["2wkBET2rRgE8pahuaczxKbmv7ciehqsne57F9gtzf1PVdr2VP3", 0],
  ["2xBimKCq2tcciegw9NsFXgScCQAsK7vhqKQ2yJPyJ5vPsWLGi5", 15000000]
  ["2xdGJBNoe716cifxi8jYjm7JHBd5vPyd2ZgpnutwwATJ5vDsiw", 12400]
]

Array#

Supplied as a JSON array with the length specified in the schema and items depending on the nested type. Example of Array(12, U8):

[3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5, 3, 5, 9]

Struct#

Supplied as the fields directly, see below.

Enum#

An enum variant is supplied as an JSON object containing a single property, where the name of the variant as the property and the fields as the value. More about the fields below.

Example of JSON for an enum Option:

enum Option {
    None,
    Some(U32)
}

In JSON the variant Some(9) is then:

{ "Some": [9] }

And a None variant is written as:

{ "None": [] }

String#

Supplied as a JSON string.

ContractName#

Supplied as a JSON object with a contract field of type JSON string. Example:

{ "contract": "my_contract" }

ReceiveName#

Supplied as a JSON object with the fields contract and func, both of type JSON string. Example:

{ "contract": "my_contract", "func": "my_receive" }

JSON for schema type fields#

Structs and the different variants in an enum can have fields, and such fields can either be named or unnamed. Unnamed fields are referenced by position.

enum Fields {
    Named(List (String, Type)),
    Unnamed(List Type),
    Empty,
}

Named#

Supplied as a JSON object, with the field names as properties and corresponding values as property values. The ordering of the fields in JSON is rearranged according to the order in the schema field type.

Example of named fields in the Rust struct:

struct Person {
    id: u32,
    age: u8
}

In JSON a Person with an id of 500 and age 35 is written as:

{
    "id": 500,
    "age": 35
}

Unnamed#

Supplied as a JSON array, with the fields as items corresponding to the types in the field schema.

Example of unnamed fields in the Rust struct:

struct Person(u32, u8)

In JSON a Person with an id of 500 and age 35 is written as:

[500, 35]

Empty#

Empty is supplied as an empty JSON array.

See enum for an example.